Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience

Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience

Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience

Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience

Synopsis

This volume provides an introduction to current research on the relation between brain development and the development of cognitive, linguistic, motor, and emotional behavior. At least two audiences will benefit from this book: psychologists interested in brain development, and neuroscientists interested in behavioral development. Although each chapter is content-oriented, the volume as a whole provides a well integrated summary of the latest findings from developmental behavioral neuroscience.

Excerpt

Charles A. Neison University of Minnesota

This volume contains the papers presented at the 24th Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology, held 19-21 October 1989, at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. As has been the tradition for this annual series, the faculty of the Institute of Child Development invited internationally eminent researchers to present their work and to consider problems of mutual concern.

The topic for discussion of the 24th Minnesota Symposium was developmental behavioral neuroscience. The title is certainly ambitious, suggesting as it does the melding of three separate disciplines. Furthermore, the discipline of developmental psychology is itself interdisciplinary. To focus on development means to focus on change or ontogeny. The term "developmental" is impartial and unprejudiced to the processes promoting change. The process may involve the changing expression of a genetic blueprint, the cumulative effects of experience, the factors determining how migrating neuroblasts find their target destination in the cortex, or the interaction of all of the above. The study of "behavior" focuses concern on the actions as opposed to the neurological make-up of the organism. Finally, the discipline of neuroscience deals with the physiological and anatomical substrata of the brain that underlie behavior. Neuroscience is a broad discipline, involving many levels of analysis, from the biochemical makeup of individual cells to the functioning of vast areas of the cortex. It has in common with developmental psychology an enormous spectrum of questions it investigates and perhaps an even more enormous methodological repertoire.

"Developmental behavioral neuroscience" represents, then, a marriage of disciplines and levels of analysis. Its very complexity is an attempt to bring the organism together, linking the behavioral with the neurological, and at the same time attempting to trace these linkages within the framework of development. It . . .

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