Scientists in Industry: Conflict and Accommodation

Scientists in Industry: Conflict and Accommodation

Scientists in Industry: Conflict and Accommodation

Scientists in Industry: Conflict and Accommodation

Excerpt

This study analyzes relations between professional employees, the professions to which they belong, and the organizations for which they work. Professional work requires considerable independence, but complex organizations the coördination of professional work with other function of the total enterprise. In the processes of mutual adaptation that result, both professions and organizations are modified. Older images of professions which assume the independent practitioner to be prototypical, and older conceptions of organizations as the exclusive domain of the bureaucrat, do not catch these changes. The present report seeks to specify strains and adaptations between professions and organizations. The guiding perspective is the sociology of professions; organizations are treated primarily as contexts of professional relations rather than as the central object of inquiry.

The group chosen for study consists of scientists and engineers who conduct research for industry--for the most part those who are directly employed by industry, but also scientists in government and independent research organizations. The primary source of data is a series of interviews with research scientists, engineers, and managers in nine establishments: six industrial laboratories, a trade association laboratory, a government laboratory, and an . . .

Author Advanced search

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.