A large part of this volume is devoted to what are ordinarily called "labor problems." These are problems arising out of the wage system. In this country, at the present time, a large proportion of the population is dependent for livelihood on securing wage employment. What the wage earners receive for their work, the amount of work they get, and the conditions under which they do their work, are all matters of social importance.
One of the major inadequacies of our economic system is low wages. Many wage earners cannot earn enough, even if fully employed, to support themselves and their families in health and decency, according to standards generally accepted as reasonable. The continuance of low wages for a large section of the working population stands out in clear contrast with the advances that have been made in the production of the goods on which the wage earners are employed.
Moreover, wage earners' incomes are notoriously un-
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