The story of the fighting in Yugoslavia during World War II has been narrated by several writers. More recently, the struggle of the Yugoslav Communists, led by Marshal Tito, against the Cominform has attracted attention of students of international affairs, especially of those of the Balkans. Less attention has been paid to the people of Yugoslavia in this crucial period of their history.
This book attempts to describe the life of the Yugoslav people under communism, the practices of the Communist government of Marshal Tito in the fields of internal and external politics, economics, and culture. In this sense, it is hoped that it may contribute to the study of communism in general. It also tries to throw new light on the real background of the conflict between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia.
To write the book in English was not an easy task for someone whose mother-tongue is Czech. It is thanks to Mrs. Mary G. Markham's invaluable work that I have overcome this obstacle. I would like to extend to her my deep gratitude.
I also wish to express my sincere thanks to the Rockefeller Foundation which facilitated the preparation of this book through a grant to the Social Science Foundation of the University of Denver. My gratitude goes also to Professor Philip E. Mosely, Director, The Russian Institute, Columbia University, and to Dr. Ben M. Cherrington, Director, Social Science Foundation, University of Denver, for their helpful advice; to Dr. Harrison S. Thomson, Professor, University of Colorado, and editor of the Journal of Central European Affairs, for having read the manuscript; and to Professor Allen DuPont Breck of the University of Denver for his friendly cooperation. Needless to say, their assistance does not imply any responsibility for the contents of this book.
My wife has gone with me through all the labor, from the beginnings of the manuscript to the preparation of the index.