The Control of Germany and Japan

The Control of Germany and Japan

The Control of Germany and Japan

The Control of Germany and Japan

Excerpt

The victorious nations will be confronted at the end of this second world struggle with two distinct though related problems. The first, and crucial, task in the generation following the war will be to prevent Germany and Japan from again re-arming. The second is to devise a general international organization which will facilitate the adjustment of international problems of common interest and which in due course may become an instrument for the maintenance of peace throughout the world. The present study is limited to the first of these problems.

As a result of the analysis here made, the authors have reached the definite conclusion that we shall have a better chance of success if the problem of controlling Germany and Japan is administered separately from the development of a general association of nations--that an attempt to deal with the two problems as though they were parts of a single task would seriously prejudice the solution of either. The reasons for this conclusion will emerge as the analysis progresses.

While the objective of the study is thus limited, it is none the less significant. For if we can devise machinery which will prevent the two nations avowedly committed to war as a means of continuous expansion from re-arming, we shall have gone a long way towards ensuring general peace. Moreover, the lessons learned in this experiment would be of great value in the evolution of a universal peace system.

Current discussions of the enforcement of peace usually center on the possibilities of economic control devices. It has been hoped that by such means peace might be effectively maintained at relatively small cost and without bloodshed. Accordingly, our first task is to study the various types of economic controls which might conceivably be employed. In Part I we shall consider the application of economic measures to Germany, and in Part II to Japan. As a preliminary, however, it will be well to recapitulate very briefly the lessons learned from the experience following the First World War.

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