Land of the Soviets: A Handbook of the U. S. S. R

Land of the Soviets: A Handbook of the U. S. S. R

Land of the Soviets: A Handbook of the U. S. S. R

Land of the Soviets: A Handbook of the U. S. S. R

Excerpt

The USSR consists of eleven equal and voluntarily united Soviet Socialist Republics. The leading position is held by the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (the RSFSR). To it belongs the whole northern and central belt of the Soviet Union, from the western frontier to the Pacific Ocean. Included in the RSFSR are the whole of the tundra zone, nearly the whole of the forest zone, and part of the steppe and forest steppe zones. The extreme south of the RSFSR (on the Black Sea coast) lies in the humid subtropical zone. The RSFSR is first among the Union republics both for its territory (6,375,000 square miles; 78% of the territory of the USSR) and for the size of its population (somewhat more than 100 million people; more than 60% of the population of the USSR).

The RSFSR is first among the Union republics in its economic strength. It produces 70% of the industrial output of the whole of the Soviet Union, accounting for 77% of the machinery, about 70% of the tractors, about 60% of the harvest combines, 90% of the textiles, 90% of the timber, over 40% of the coal, 20% of the petroleum, about 40% of the pig-iron, 100% of the nickel, and 65% of the electric power. Within its territory are such important industrial regions as the Old Industrial Center, Leningrad, the Urals, and the Kuznetsk Coal Basin (Kuzbas), as well as 70% of the land under grain and about 60% of that under technical crops (80% of the flax and about 70% of the hemp).

The economy of the RSFSR, as of the whole of the USSR, is developing rapidly. The industrial output had increased from 7,900 . . .

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