Turrialba: Social Systems and the Introduction of Change

Turrialba: Social Systems and the Introduction of Change

Turrialba: Social Systems and the Introduction of Change

Turrialba: Social Systems and the Introduction of Change

Excerpt

In Chapter I, a conceptualization of the elements of social systems has been outlined and an attempt made to relate these concepts to actual interaction patterns of the Turrialba community. However, it is only for purposes of conceptualization and analysis that social systems can be viewed in the abstract. The climate, type of soils, past history of the people and other factors set the stage and may play important roles in the functioning of a social system. The following brief description indicates the nature of some of these elements as they are found in the Turrialba area.

Physical Conditions and Land Use of the Turrialba Valley

The Turrialba Central District is one of four districts in the canton of Turrialba. It is located at the southeastern base of the Turrialba volcano on the inside curve of the Reventazón River where the river turns sharply north from its easterly course. The surface of the district is comprised of four major elements: (1) a generally west to east trending mountain ridge in the northern part of the district; (2) a northwest to southeast trending ridge in its southern part; (3) the Turrialba River Valley between these two ridges and (4) an extensive basin at the lower end of the valley.

Both ridges have crests just above 4,000 feet in altitude and have soils of old volcanic origin with medium to low fertility, except for a large sedimentary area at the eastern end of the northern ridge. The Turrialba Valley, which has been formed on relatively recent volcanic flow materials, lies between the Turrialba and Aquiares rivers. The soils, while stony, have excellent texture, high fertility and good organic content. Northwest of the town of Turrialba the altitude of the terrain . . .

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