China's Establishment Intellectuals

China's Establishment Intellectuals

China's Establishment Intellectuals

China's Establishment Intellectuals

Excerpt

Timothy Cheek and Carol Lee Hamrin

This book explores the motives and means for collaboration, as well as the sources of tension and conflict, between leading intellectuals and the top Chinese Communist Party leadership. It grew out of individual studies, begun in the early 1970s, aimed at understanding those whom Mao rejected and attacked in the Cultural Revolution--what they stood for, what alternatives there were to Maoism in China. This introduction discusses the common themes that we, the editors, perceive as emerging from the lives and thought of these intellectuals.

Our subjects were members of the establishment, serving and operating within the governing institutions of the People's Republic. They collaborated in a system by which the Leninist Party exercised its claim to uncontested power and authority. As a subgroup within the ruling elite, they had a deep interest in perpetuating the system. These men, with the exception of Peng Zhen, a Party leader who has been included in this volume because he was the protector or "patron" of several of them, were also intellectuals in the sense of specialists with advanced training involved in the practice of the arts, economics, journalism, history, and philosophy.

Our subjects were not at the apex of power on the Politburo or . . .

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