Management Development and Education in the Soviet Union

Management Development and Education in the Soviet Union

Management Development and Education in the Soviet Union

Management Development and Education in the Soviet Union

Excerpt

Management of industrial enterprise involves the coordination of human effort and material resources toward the achievement of organizational objectives. The basic objectives of industrial organizations in any country are economic in nature, and ultimately reflect the desires of society for useful goods and services. This is true whether the enterprise is a private corporation attempting to achieve a desired level of profitability, or a public entity attempting to fulfill a production plan established by state authorities. In the final analysis, all industrial enterprises are social organizations, and their survival is directly linked to their ability to provide useful goods and services, regardless of whether these goods and services are consumed by other organizations, the government, or the public at large.

The basic problem of industrial management, from society's point of view, is to become steadily more efficient over time. Increasing productive efficiency is generally considered a desirable goal for managers in most societies. In fact, increasing productive efficiency may be regarded as the basic inherent social desideratum of virtually every managerial job. In capitalist countries, improved efficiency generally means higher profits and greater rewards for firm owners and managers; at the same time, the public benefits from more useful goods and services. In Marxist countries, the planners stress enterprise efficiency so that the country can pro-

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