Masterpieces of Latin Literature: Terence: Lucretius: Catullus: Virgil: Horace: Tibullus: Propertius: Ovid: Petronius: Martial: Juvenal: Cicero: Caesar: Livy: Tacitus: Pliny the Younger: Apuleius; with Biographical Sketches and Notes

Masterpieces of Latin Literature: Terence: Lucretius: Catullus: Virgil: Horace: Tibullus: Propertius: Ovid: Petronius: Martial: Juvenal: Cicero: Caesar: Livy: Tacitus: Pliny the Younger: Apuleius; with Biographical Sketches and Notes

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Masterpieces of Latin Literature: Terence: Lucretius: Catullus: Virgil: Horace: Tibullus: Propertius: Ovid: Petronius: Martial: Juvenal: Cicero: Caesar: Livy: Tacitus: Pliny the Younger: Apuleius; with Biographical Sketches and Notes

Masterpieces of Latin Literature: Terence: Lucretius: Catullus: Virgil: Horace: Tibullus: Propertius: Ovid: Petronius: Martial: Juvenal: Cicero: Caesar: Livy: Tacitus: Pliny the Younger: Apuleius; with Biographical Sketches and Notes

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Excerpt

In this brief introduction an attempt will be made to give an outline of the general tendencies of Latin literature. The subject merits some attention, insomuch as the emphasis constantly laid upon the Greek origin of Roman literary forms has tended to obscure the fact that the strongest forces in Latin literature were not due to Greek or any other influence, but were its own, its peculiar birthright. They were qualities derived from certain inherent characteristics of the Roman people, which showed themselves in the very earliest monuments of their literature, and which persisted throughout its history in spite of much running after foreign models and, in more than one period, of an unfavorable social or political milieu. I mean a certain seriousness of purpose, which found its most splendid manifestation in the expression of patriotism, in the glorification of the duties of citizenship, and in the construction of an enduring system of law; and together with this, a shrewdness which enabled them to see quickly the different aspects of a question, to be swift to detect hypocrisy and fraud, --the quality, in short, which, tempering their gravity, saved it from being merely heaviness, and which made them natural satirists. It is the former characteristic that we find exemplified in those religious observances of which the surviving chants formed a con-

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