Selected Works - Vol. 4

Selected Works - Vol. 4

Selected Works - Vol. 4

Selected Works - Vol. 4

Excerpt

The Party's rural policy now is not one of agrarian revolution as during the ten-year civil war but one of the Anti-Japanese National United Front. The whole Party should execute the directives of the Central Committee of the Party of July 7 and December 25, 1940, as well as those of the forthcoming Seventh National Congress. It is only for the purpose of helping comrades to find a way to tackle problems that the following materials are published. What constitutes a very grave danger is the fact that many of our comrades should have been placed in the position of giving guidance and direction while they have not yet broken off the habit of doing things in a crude, perfunctory fashion with little understanding of their nature and sometimes even in complete ignorance of the conditions prevailing at lower levels. No really good leadership can result from the absence of a real, specific knowledge of the actual conditions of the classes in Chinese society.

The only way to know the conditions is to make an investigation of society, to investigate the life and activities of each social class. For those whose duty it is to give guidance and direction, the most essential method of knowing the conditions is that they should, proceeding according to plan, devote their attention to a number of cities and villages and make a comprehensive survey of each of them from the basic viewpoint of Marxism, i.e. by means of class analysis. Only by doing so can one grasp the essentials of China's social problems.

To do this, we should first cast our eyes down and not hold our heads high and gaze skywards. If a person does not care, or does not make up his mind, to cast his eyes down, he can never really learn anything about China.

Secondly, fact-finding conferences should be held. Certainly we can acquire no complete knowledge by looking in all directions and listening to gossip. Of the data I have obtained . . .

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