The Mexican Empire of Iturbide

The Mexican Empire of Iturbide

The Mexican Empire of Iturbide

The Mexican Empire of Iturbide

Synopsis

"Anna tells the story of the rise and fall of Mexico's 'Liberator' from September 1821 to March 1823. He highlights Iturbide's contributions to Mexican independence, his crowning as emperor, his historic struggle with Congress, and the role that regionalism played in his downfall. The strong point of the book is Anna's debunking of William Spence Robertson's Iturbide of Mexico and other biographies."- CHOICE

Excerpt

T HE HISTORY and personality of Agustín de Iturbide (Ee-tur-bee-day), the Liberator of Mexico and that counttry's first independent head of state (first as president of the regency, then as emperor), has long fascinated me. When I first undertook research on Mexican independence, the topic I was focusing on the terminated at the conclusion of the interprise of Iguala in September 1821, when Iturbide made his triumphal entry into Mexico City. Not having made a detailed study of the era after the struggle for independence, I assumed that Iturbide could accurately be called the man who "deprived of liberty the people whom he had emancipated from the Spanish domination," to use Robertson's assesment of him. I had describe Iturbide in equally derisive terms, as the man who "strutted across the stage in the ridiculous garb of Emperor Agustín I," and I concluded that "Iturbide himself took the throne in 1822, thoroughly substantiating Viceroy Apodaca's charge that he was power hungry," and that "if a miscarriage occured, it was the assumption of the throne by Iturbide not the Plan of Iguala itself."

I now thoroughly regret making those passing comments on a subject I had not yet independently researched. The more I got to know about the postindependence period in Peru and other Latin American countries, the more it became clear that Iturbide was hardly a unique figure and the problems he faced were not exclusive to Mexico. Robertson . . .

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