Civilian-Military Relations in Brazil, 1889-1898

Civilian-Military Relations in Brazil, 1889-1898

Civilian-Military Relations in Brazil, 1889-1898

Civilian-Military Relations in Brazil, 1889-1898

Excerpt

Unlike most of Latin America, Brazil had been without military problems for most of its history until the latter part of the nineteenth century. The Spanish-American countries had often been forced to engage in years of bloody fighting to secure their independence, creating large armies which were not easily dispersed once independence had been achieved. Brazil, on the other hand, had gained independence gradually and peacefully, and this is the most obvious cause of its freedom from military interference in government until the 1860's.

During most of the nineteenth century Brazil lived under a monarchy. In 1808 the Portuguese court arrived in Rio de Janeiro, fleeing Napoleon's armies. Because of the presence of the royal household in Brazil old colonial restrictions were swept away, and a variety of economic and cultural changes . . .

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