Decentralization in Nepal: A Comparative Analysis: Participatory District Development Program

Decentralization in Nepal: A Comparative Analysis: Participatory District Development Program

Decentralization in Nepal: A Comparative Analysis: Participatory District Development Program

Decentralization in Nepal: A Comparative Analysis: Participatory District Development Program

Excerpt

The Participatory District Development Program (PDDP) in Nepal is perhaps the country's most ambitious attempt to implement innovations in decentralized development. It is a joint effort of the National Planning Commission (NPC) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The program's potential for combining decentralization by the government and participation by the people is being emulated in a number of other sites. Among these efforts at emulation can be counted the Local Governance Program on which the UNDP is collaborating with the Ministry of Local Development (MLD) in Central and Eastern Nepal, and the Kamali Local Development Program (KLDP) for which the Netherlands Development Organization is the partner. In its recommendations to the government about decentralization, a committee on decentralization pointed to the PDDP as the model for strengthening planning capacities at the district level. The new bill on decentralization in the Nepal parliament draws on the experience gained from the PDDP and its predecessor programs.

Building on the achievements and lessons of the earlier Decentralization Support Program in Nepal, the PDDP seeks to strengthen district- and village-level planning, form and promote civil society organizations, and encourage decision-making capacities about development among village and community residents. In each of the selected eighteen districts, the District Development Committee (DDC) and two Village Development Committees (VDCs) . . .

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