Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

Synopsis

This Handbook is a comprehensive source covering all the current applications of human factors to aviation systems and operations. Since previous standard texts, the range of human factors as a discipline and the range of applications of human factors to aviation have widened. To meet with these developments, this text covers more topics and applications, and includes chapters on such topics as cabin staff and security which previous general texts have not included. In the meantime, aviation has been expanding and is forecast to continue doing so, making new human factors demands. Technical and navigational innovations, advances in communication, cost and time pressures on procurement, new applications of automation, and the need to maintain and enhance aviation safety at all times, have all contributed both to the generation of new human factors problems, and to the more extensive range of possible solutions to them. Recent discernible general influences on this text include:
• theemphasis on human-centered automation in the specification of human-machine relationships,
• the international nature of aviation as reflected in cultural differences in preferred practices and procedures,
• wider acknowledgment of the importance of human factors cognitive processes that underlie and help to explain human task performance, and
• increased concern with such activities as maintenance, certification, verification, and validation in the quest for even better system reliability. The handbook, which will be updated regularly, offers the reader major recent developments in aviation and in human factors, and foresees some of the further developments in this field.

Excerpt

Barry H. Kantowitz Battelle Human Factors Transportation Center

The domain of transportation is important for both practical and theoretical reasons. All of us are users of transportation systems as operators, passengers, and consumers. From a scientific viewpoint, the transportation domain offers an opportunity to create and test sophisticated models of human behavior and cognition. This series covers both practical and theoretical aspects of human factors in transportation, with an emphasis on their interaction.

The series is intended as a forum for researchers and engineers interested in how people function within transportation systems. All modes of transportation are relevant, and all human factors and ergonomic efforts that have explicit implications for transportation systems fall within the series purview. Analytic efforts are important to link theory and data. The level of analysis can be as small as one person, or international in scope. Empirical data can be from a broad range of methodologies, including laboratory research, simulator studies, test tracks, operational tests, fieldwork, design reviews, or surveys. This broad scope is intended to maximize the utility of the series for readers with diverse backgrounds.

I expect the series to be useful for professionals in the disciplines of human factors, ergonomics, transportation engineering, experimental psychology, cognitive science, sociology, and safety engineering. It is intended to appeal to the transportation specialist in industry, government, or academia, as well as the researcher in need of a testbed for new ideas about the interface between people and complex systems.

This volume is focused on the aviation domain. It combines theoretical views of human performance, methodological issues, and practical implications, thus achieving a major goal of the series, which is to demonstrate the interaction between practical and theoretical aspects of human factors. Section I introduces aviation human factors, discussing history, methodology, and organizational factors. Section II reviews theoretical underpinnings as related to individual and crew performance. Section III focuses on parameters related to the aircraft itself, while Section IV considers air traffic control from a systems perspective. Section V covers aviation operations and design, including avionics, maintenance, security, and accident investigation. Forthcoming books in this series will continue this blend of practical and theoretical perspectives on transportation human factors.

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