The United States and Latin America

The United States and Latin America

The United States and Latin America

The United States and Latin America

Excerpt

When the first of the American Assembly meetings on "The United States and Latin America" was held at Arden House, Harriman, New York, Oct. 15-18, 1959, a sense of crisis was in the air. Since then, the Cuban revolution moved dramatically into its self-proclaimed "MarxismLeninism" and the United States, backed by the other nineteen nations of Latin America, responded with the Alliance for Progress.

The crisis has gathered intensity. It struck with stunning force in mid- October, 1962, when the Soviet Union tried, secretly and swiftly, to introduce nuclear missile bases in Cuba and thus to upset the precarious "balance of terror" on which peace and survival now depend. A startled United States learned that the seeds of war could be sown in a Latin American country only 90 miles from our shores. This century has taught us that local wars tend to escalate into world wars, and that revolution in one country tends to spread, like an epidemic of disease, to other countries and regions where the same social, economic and political forces are at work

We live in the most revolutionary period in all history. Latin America has the highest rate of population growth in the world and it is a region that economists and sociologists characterize as underdeveloped. As a result of the new techniques of mass communications, the prevailing nationalism, the agitation of radicals (especially of the Marxist variety),

HERBERT L. MATTHEWS has been on the Editorial Board of The New York Times since 1949. Before that he was war correspondent and foreign correspondent for nineteen years in Europe, Africa and Asia for The Times. In the last thirteen years Mr. Matthews has specialized in Latin American affairs for The Times as editor and on occasion as correspondent. He won the Maria Moors Cabot Award in 1956. He is the author of the following books: Eyewitness in Abyssinia, Two Wars and More to Come, The Fruits of Fascism, The Education of a Correspondent, Assignment to Austerity (co-author with Mrs. Matthews), The Yoke and the Arrows, and The Cuban Story.

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