Mitre and Argentina

Mitre and Argentina

Mitre and Argentina

Mitre and Argentina

Excerpt

This study of a man, Bartolomé Mitre, and his nation, Argentina, is presented as an effort to cover, in the English language, a little known era in the history of one of our neighbors to the south, particularly as revealed in the life of one of its greatest men. It begins with the brief treatment of Argentine history from independence to the overthrow of Rosas, then turns to the life of Bartolomé Mitre himself, his early years, his wanderings in exile, his return to Argentina to recognize first Buenos Aires and then the nation. It follows him through the presidency of the nation and Argentina's greatest war and then into a retirement made useful by extensive literary efforts and an occasional return to the political and diplomatic scene. His life, spanning most of the nineteenth century, was one rich in service to the nation and the continent, well deserving the title Benemérito de la Patria.

The generation of Mitre, Alberdi and Sarmiento was the greatest Argentina has produced. These men were born during the enthusiasms of the early days of independence. They entered politics during the unhappy days of the Rosas dictatorship. Together they built the new Argentina. Mitre was the mainstay of Buenos Aires in its struggle with the other provinces, the realistic and practical yet visionary political and military leader of the province. From that position he was to rise to be the first real president of a united Argentina. Loving peace, he remained always the soldier, but he introduced a new type of citizen soldier to Argentina, a Washingtonian patriot with just and gentle sword.

Bartolomé Mitre distinguished himself in the fields of literature, history, journalism, science, military science, diplomacy, politics and statesmanship. Yet, with all his broad interests, he . . .

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