Venezuela

Venezuela

Venezuela

Venezuela

Excerpt

Macuro was the indigenous name of the shore where Columbus landed in Venezuela the first day of August 1498, on his third expedition to the New World. This place is now called Puerto Cristóbal Colón, in memory of the immortal navigator. The origin of the name Venezuela is attri buted to Américo Vespucio, who, while navigating Lake Maracaibo (the largest is South America, measuring 12,870 square kilometers) together with Alonso de Ojeda at the beginning of the 16th century, associated the sight of the "piraguas" gliding silently between the stilts on which the Indian dwellings were built, with a miniature Venice -- that is to say Venezuela. In this way the name of the country which I shall try to interpret and reflect had its origin. Venezuela is situated in the extreme north of South America between 59° 45' and 73° 30' west longitude and between tropics. It covers on area of 912,050 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 6 million inhabitants. The country is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea, Brazil to the south, British Guiana and the Atlantic Ocean to the east and to the west, Colombia. It has some 2.100 kilometers of coastline on the Caribbean Sea and 700 kilo-meters on the Atlantic Ocean. The country extends 1,300 kilo-meters from north to south and approximately 1,500 from east to west. Seventy-two islands form part of its territory, which is irrigated by more than 1,000 rivers. ¶ The topographic and climatic conditions of all the world are to be found in the South American countries, and Venezuela has them all. Its topography consists of high mountains, elevated plateaux, valleys and broad plains, which govern its climate. For this reason it is not unusual to see peasants from certain mountainous areas dressed in woollen blankets, which they call "ruanas", whereas the temperature of the plains is too warm to wear any unnecessary clothing. The highest and longest mountains are to be found in the west, and these form part of the Cordillera de los Andes which, with its length of more than 7,000 kilometers, is the longest mountainous formation in the world. In Venezuela it rises along approximately 450 kilometers, from the border between Táchira State and Colombia, almost up to the city of Barquisimeto, covering the territory in a northeasterly direction and showering its immaculate peaks in the Nevada de Mérid

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