Voices of Resurgent Islam

Voices of Resurgent Islam

Voices of Resurgent Islam

Voices of Resurgent Islam

Excerpt

The Muslim world extends from North Africa to Southeast Asia. In addition to some forty-three Muslim (majority) countries, Muslims constitute a significant minority in another twenty countries. The more than 800 million Muslims comprise almost a fifth of the world's population. The size and geographic expanse of the Muslim world and its emergence as a world economic power whose political stability is of increasing importance to the Western world have made an understanding of events in the Muslim world a critical concern.

The purpose of this volume is to provide some insight into a phenomenon that has swept the Muslim world. It has been described by various titles: Islamic Resurgence, Islamic Revival, Militant Islam, Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism. This volume will explore the origins, development, prospects, and implications of the Islamic resurgence through both analytical studies (on the history and major influences of the resurgence) as well as the statements of Muslim scholar/ activists engaged in the political, social, and economic aspects of the Islamic resurgence today.

THE ISLAMIC WORLD-VIEW: RELIGION AND THE STATE

In order to understand the sources and inspiration of the contemporary resurgence, some appreciation of the relationship of religion to politics and society in Islam is essential. As we shall see, both in Muslim belief and in Muslim history, Islam has occupied an important place in the ideology of the state and in the conduct of Muslim politics from its seventh-century beginnings to the twentieth century. Thus, the current resurgence of Islam in Muslim politics should not be all that unexpected. For Muslims, Allah (God) is the central fact of reality; he is the same God who revealed himself to all the Prophets (Adam, Moses, Jesus) and finally, and most completely, to the Prophet Muhammad. This revelation to Muhammad, the last of the Prophets, is contained in the Quran, the . . .

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