Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria

Excerpt

When Queen Charlotte, wife of George III had given birth to no less than fifteen Princes and Princesses she may well have thought that the Royal House of Hanover would not lack heirs to the throne of England for many generations to come. But when she died in the year 1818 its stability was by no means assured, for though twelve of her children were still alive they were all getting on in years, and she had not a single grandchild, male or female, who could ever wear the Crown or defend the Faith. Grandchildren there were in plenty, for her third son William, Duke of Clarence, had no less than ten olive-branches round about his table at Bushey, but as all of these were the offspring of the charming actress Mrs. Jordan they were of no avail for dynastic purposes. A similar dynastic defect afflicted the two children of the Queen's sixth son Augustus, Duke of Sussex, for their mother was Lady Augusta Murray, daughter of the Earl of Dunmore, and the Royal Marriage Act debarred them too from the throne. There had once been a direct heir of the third generation, Princess Charlotte, daughter and only child of George, Prince of Wales. In 1816 she had married Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, but she had died in November 1817 in giving birth to a still-born seven-months' boy. Thus in 1818 though twelve brothers and sisters might, if they died in order of strict seniority, sit in turn, one after the . . .

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