Spain: The Root and the Flower: A History of the Civilization of Spain and of the Spanish People

Spain: The Root and the Flower: A History of the Civilization of Spain and of the Spanish People

Spain: The Root and the Flower: A History of the Civilization of Spain and of the Spanish People

Spain: The Root and the Flower: A History of the Civilization of Spain and of the Spanish People

Excerpt

This book is a history and an interpretation of the civilization of Spain from its earliest beginnings. There are chapters on the Romans, the Jews, and the Moors in Spain, and particular attention has been paid to Spanish art, literature, architecture, and music. I have not tried to write a topical or journalistic portrait of Spain today, although the Franco regime and its many problems are soberly presented. My primary intention has been to analyze the main currents in the ebb and flow of Spanish life. There are no long lists of all the kings, queens, and ministers of Spain, nor any detailed account of every war or political change which the country has undergone. This book is not straight history. History usually emphasizes political events. My purpose has been to emphasize the underlying feelings and mores which bring about these events.

My first visit to Spain was in 1928, during the Primo de Rivera dictatorship, while Alfonso XIII was still king. Since then I have returned many times, and during the republic remained for two years in order to obtain my degree of Doctor in Philosophy and Letters from the University of Madrid. While in the country I came to know personally many of Spain's leading writers: García Lorca, Antonio Machado, Juan Ramón Jiménez (winner of the Nobel Prize), Américo Castro, Menéndez Pidal, Pedro Salinas, Moreno Villa, and . . .

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