Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism

Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism

Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism

Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism

Synopsis

Tourism-one of the world's largest industries-has long been appreciated for its economic benefits, but in this volume tourism receives a unique systematic scrutiny as a medium for cultural exchange. Modern developments in technology and industry, together with masterful advertising, have created temporarily leisured people with the desire and the means to travel. They often in turn effect profound cultural change in the places they visit, and the contributors to this work all attend to the impact these "guests" have on their "hosts."

In contrast to the dramatic economic transformations, the social repercussions of tourism are subtle and often recognized only by the indigenous peoples themselves and by the anthropologists who have studied them before and after the introduction of tourism. The case studies in Hosts and Guests examine the five types of tourism-historical, cultural, ethnic, environmental, and recreational-and their impact on diverse societies over a broad geographical range

Excerpt

The first edition of Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism, published in 1977, was a pioneering work that legitimatized the American academic study of tourism, and provided both a preliminary theoretical perspective and twelve case studies documenting the impacts of tourism. The book owed its genesis to the first national academic symposium on tourism, held in conjunction with the 1974 Mexico City meetings of the American Anthropological Association. Also in 1977, the World Tourism Organization (WTO) was created to replace the International Union of Official Travel Organizations, which had functioned since 1925 for the purpose of promoting and developing tourism in the interest of economic, social, and political progress of all nations. However, the authors of the first edition must admit to some myopic ethnocentrism in their 1974 "discovery" of the impacts of tourism. As we soon learned, there was a significant body of knowledge in Europe, dating to as early as 1899 (Cohen 1984), for that continent was the first to experience mass tourism.

The first edition of Hosts and Guests was well received and widely cited. This work and several others that appeared almost simultaneously -- notably DeKadt (1977) and MacCannell (1976) -- sparked research in several disciplines. The result has been far greater understanding of the nature of tourism and its effect on the structure of society. In 1978 it was suggested to each author that a second edition might be feasible in a decade (Smith 1978); that idea has been realized here.

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.