Human Ecology: Problems and Solutions

Human Ecology: Problems and Solutions

Human Ecology: Problems and Solutions

Human Ecology: Problems and Solutions

Excerpt

In the three years since Population, Resources, Environment was first published, a need for a less detailed and comprehensive introduction to human ecology has become apparent. A survey of potential users indicates that a short treatment of the subject, focusing on the biological and physical aspects of man's present problems and on the ways that they can be solved, would be useful in many courses and for many readers.

In the first part of this book we attempt to present the essence of demography, man's utilization of resources, the world food problem, and man's assaults on his own health and on the health of the ecological systems upon which his existence depends. Our discussion of problems ends with an analysis of the interrelationships of population growth, "affluence" (or standard of living), and technological errors as causes of what is coming to be recognized as the most serious crisis ever faced by Homo sapiens.

In the second part we look to solutions. Having established the need to halt population growth, we turn to what is now being done in this area, and to what needs to be done. Then, after discussing possible means to control the numbers of people, we examine what must be done about other aspects of human behavior. How can the demands of individuals on resources be reduced? How can each individual's deleterious impact on his or her environment be minimized? How can people be made aware that man's many problems are inextricably intertwined and that, therefore, ecological problems will not . . .

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