Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia: With a Translation from the Mongol of Sh

Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia: With a Translation from the Mongol of Sh

Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia: With a Translation from the Mongol of Sh

Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia: With a Translation from the Mongol of Sh

Excerpt

Sukebatur, the Sun Yat-sen of revolution in Outer Mongolia, died in 1923. Several years ago, in contributing an introduction to the book by Gerard M. Friters, Outer Mongolia and its international position (cited frequently below), I made the comparison between Sukebatur and Sun Yat-sen and also some comparisons between nationalism in Mongolia, China, and Turkey in the 1920's. What I am now trying to do is to carry that line of research a stage farther, by translating the "official" life of Sukebatur -- which shows, as no analysis by an outsider possibly could, the way in which, toward the end of the second World War, the régime in the Mongolian People's Republic wanted Mongols to think about their country and its recent past -- and by prefacing to this translation an essay which gives the historical background, touches on the differences between Outer and Inner Mongolia, tries to bring into focus the impact of both China and Russia on Mongol affairs, and attempts an analysis of the modes of politics in a satellite state .

There was a time when Soviet writers referred to Outer Mongolia as if it were a broad avenue leading into China and the rest of Asia, and as if they expected its government, the Mongolian People's Republic, set up in the turbulent 1920's with Russian aid, to serve as a model for other countries in Asia . Yet looking back from the 1950's . . .

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