Mind & Matter
Mind & Matter
Philosophy has two parts, answering roughly to Kant Analytic and Dialectic. The first consists in an analysis of ordinary Experience in order to find a coherent account of the principles involved in it. The second is concerned with the ultimate nature of the all-inclusive Universe of Being. It considers whether the Universe, besides being allinclusive, is properly regarded as a self-complete unity, rather than as an endless series or aggregate. If it is a unity, the question arises as to the nature of the unity, and this leads to the problem of the distinction and relation of the world of becoming and finite existence to eternal Being.
These two lines of inquiry are not sharply separable. Each, when thoroughly followed up, passes into the other. It is possible to start with either of them. Spinoza, for instance, begins with a comprehensive theory of the nature of the Universe and proceeds to use this as a guiding clue to the analysis of ordinary experience. Mr Alexander, in his great work Space, Time and Deity, to a large extent follows the Spinozistic plan. I prefer the Kantian procedure as more congenial to myself and as better suited to the requirements of the present time. In this book I confine myself to an examination of certain aspects of ordinary experience -- those involved in the knowledge of the physical world, of the self and of minds other than our own. I reserve the express treatment of more ultimate problems for a future work to be entitled God and Nature. I reserve for this work what I have to say on Ethical and Religious Experience, which have already been so admirably treated in the Gifford Lectures of Professor Sorley and Professor Taylor.
I feel keenly that my debt direct and indirect to writers of the present day is very inadequately represented by my . . .