Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology

Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology

Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology

Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology

Synopsis

This book presents a series of informal biographies about major figures in the history of psychology. A unique combination of expertise and human appeal, the volume places the contributions of each pioneer in a new and fascinating perspective. For instance, several of the authors use the novel approach of having the pioneers return to the present day to reflect back on their work as it relates to the here and now. Revisions of speeches given in a popular series of invited addresses at psychological conventions, the chapters offer appealing glimpses into the lives of individuals who made a difference in the early years of psychology as a field of study. Each of the five volumes in this series contains different profiles thereby bringing more than 100 of the pioneers in psychology more vividly to life.

Excerpt

This book presents biographical portraits of 22 of psychology's pioneers, portraits of them as men and women as well as scientists. All of these portraits, many of them offered by a descendant, colleague, or student of the pioneer, are informal. Most of them are lighthearted, even humorous, in their approach. A few are intimate and personal. Several authors impersonate their pioneers and present the stories of their lives and work in the pioneer's own words. Thus Galton, Pavlov, Freud, Wertheimer, Köhler, Hull, Tryon, and Hollingworth "return" to describe their contributions and occasionally to comment on psychology today. One portrait takes the form of an imagined interview with Harvey Carr. Others are what might be called "appreciations" of the pioneer. Typically the authors view the scientific achievements of the pioneers in the context of their times. Collectively they describe psychology's search for direction and significance in the dawning of a new discipline.

The authors of this book are recognized authorities in psychology, often in the same field as their pioneers. At least eight of them discovered their pioneers when they were graduate students and went on to study them over a period of many years. Many of the authors' own careers were influenced by their pioneers in ways that are described either in their chapters or in the Portraits of the Authors and Editors part of this volume.

All but 1 of the 22 pioneers were born in the 19th century. In this volume, they appear in order of their dates of birth. The oldest, Francis Galton, was born in 1822; the youngest Robert Tryon, in 1901. By . . .

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