The Fate of East Central Europe: Hopes and Failures of American Foreign Policy

The Fate of East Central Europe: Hopes and Failures of American Foreign Policy

The Fate of East Central Europe: Hopes and Failures of American Foreign Policy

The Fate of East Central Europe: Hopes and Failures of American Foreign Policy

Excerpt

The political importance and present plight of East Central Europe has inspired this symposium on The Fate of East Central Europe: Hopes and Failures of American Foreign Policy. For the present it would seem that the least we can do for the captive nations behind the Iron Curtain, as well as for ourselves, is to reconstruct carefully the record of the past and to examine the methods and results of Communist conquest, so as to facilitate the laying out of a better future for the subjugated nations. In harmony with these objectives the symposium deals with American foreign policy in the area, treating in short compass the recent history of the captive nations, as well as the cases of Finland and Austria, two more-fortunate countries on the periphery of the Soviet Empire, and Yugoslavia, which occupies a somewhat unique position.

The Introduction brings together some of the major questions dealt with in detail in the various chapters and mentions certain problems of a general nature not discussed elsewhere.

Part One analyzes the principal aspects of American foreign policy toward East Central Europe from the earliest period to the present time. The second chapter attempts the formidable task of condensing the history of American foreign policy from the nineteenth century until the second World War. In the third chapter American and Allied policies during the second World War are set forth; this chapter is of central importance, for wartime decisions determined the postwar fate of East Central Europe. The fourth chapter deals with the new era of American foreign policy which began with the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. While these latter policies proved highly successful in many parts of the . . .

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