Education in New India

Education in New India

Education in New India

Education in New India

Excerpt

In conformity with her democratic ideals, India has decided to expand her educational facilities so that all her citizens may enjoy equality of opportunity. Simultaneously, she has undertaken a vast reconstruction of her educational system to make it a more suitable instrument for her new needs and new aspirations. A brief -- but it is hoped not too inadequate -- account of the steps she has taken towards these ends will be found in the succeeding pages.

After a rapid survey of the situation as it existed on the eve of independence and the progress achieved since then, these studies are devoted mainly to a discussion of the experiments India has undertaken or is undertaking in various fields of education. At the elementary level, she is evolving a pattern in Basic education which is full of exciting possibilities and is likely to interest educationists throughout the world. Similarly, her essays in a new type of adult education may be of significance to other countries as well. In the field of technical education, on the other hand, she is in the main repeating what other countries have already achieved. In spite of an almost phenomenal expansion in technical education I have therefore included no separate study in this field.

My obligations in writing this book are too many to permit individual acknowledgement to all who have helped. I am indebted to my colleagues in the Ministry and the State Directorates of Education for both data and many valuable suggestions. I am also thankful to editors of journals and secretaries of organisations whose pressure forced me to place on record some of these thoughts. All opinions expressed in this book are, however, mine and I alone must take responsibility for them. In particular, they do not in any way commit the Government of India or the University Grants Commission.

I have drawn extensively upon articles I have written from time to time on different aspects of Indian education for journals and other publications in India, Europe and the United States. In every case I have revised and in some cases largely rewritten them so that it would be true to say that not one essay included in this volume has been published before in its present form. Besides, bringing them together may give to each a support and frame of reference which could never be secured by isolated publication. I shall consider my labour rewarded if these studies can give the reader -- and more particularly the reader from other countries -- some idea of the vigour, vitality and variety of India's educational effort.

London HUMAYUN KABIR 4 July 1955 . . .

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