New Perspectives of Brazil

New Perspectives of Brazil

New Perspectives of Brazil

New Perspectives of Brazil

Excerpt

This collection of essays is an attempt to illuminate recent and contemporary Brazilian processes and problems from the several perspectives of the behavioral sciences and humanities. To my knowledge, this is the first such enterprise in a decade and a half. New Perspectives derives its unity from the examination of salient aspects of Brazilian society undergoing transformationin its economic, political, social, demographic, psychological and linguistic elements. We do not pretend to provide a comprehensive view of Brazil: for example, there are no chapters on literature, the fine arts, or on such specific topics as transportation and agriculture.

The time-focus of our several approaches to Brazilian reality is the period following World War II -- a period marked by an exponential rate of change, not only in this hemisphere, but on a global scale. Each author is familiar with Brazil, has lived there, and brings his special discipline to the analysis and interpretation of an aspect of that nation's development. Wherever relevant, the contributing writers have made interim assessments of the military-civilian coup of March 31, 1964, and of the Castelo Branco administration which has followed it.

Brazil is one of the large nations of the world. Given its current population of about 80 million and a rate of demographic growth twice that of the United States, there will be nearly 100 million persons in Brazil by 1970. The country occupies half of the South American continent, or an area roughly equal to the United States without Alaska. A semi-industrialized country, Brazil is vitally linked to the Free World economy by trade, investment and technical assistance arrangements. Indeed, the Free World has a significant stake in the modernization of Brazil within the Western . . .

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