The Nazi Movement in Baden, 1920-1945

The Nazi Movement in Baden, 1920-1945

The Nazi Movement in Baden, 1920-1945

The Nazi Movement in Baden, 1920-1945

Excerpt

This is a case study of the history of National Socialism in Baden from its origins in Pforzheim and Mannheim in 1920/21 to its total collapse amidst the ruins of the Third Reich in 1945. In recent years several works have focused on the local and regional origins of the Nazi party and on the evolution of various party affiliates and organizations both before and after 1933. But except for Orlow's massive study of the national party from 1919 to 1945, most of these works accept the existence of an artificial time barrier--1933. They examine either the party's pre-1933 history or its function and structure after the Nazi seizure of power. This study, by contrast, traces the evolution and function of the party from 1920 to 1945 in one of German's most liberal states. Between 1925 and 1945 Gau Baden was led by a single Gau leader, Robert Wagner, who guided the small Völkisch movement to power and ultimately to complete defeat. In 1940 Wagner even became the chief of civil administration in Alsace, allowing him the opportunity to export National Socialism and at the same time to increase greatly the influence of Gau Baden in Nazi Germany.

This continuity permits an examination of the role of the völkisch true believer before and after the Nazis seized power and facilitates a study of the impact these party activists had on Baden society during periods of Nazi stagnation, growth, and triumph. Between 1919 and 1932 Baden was governed by a . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.