European Organisations

European Organisations

European Organisations

European Organisations

Excerpt

International organisations have now been working in Europe for over a decade in the political, economic, military, social and cultural fields. This report sets out to analyse and assess the work of the eight principal European organisations and to examine how far they have contributed, individually and collectively, to the development of European unity. Limitations of time and space have made it impossible to include within the scope of this report the valuable work carried out by the many other European organisations.

No attempt is made in the report to define clearly the terms "Europe" and "Western Europe". They are loosely used in the context of the membership of the organisation or organisations being discussed. Except in the case of the Economic Commission for Europe, "European states" are taken, however, to mean those which are not members of the Soviet bloc. When discussing the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, the scope of the report is extended to include Canada and the United States as part of the European-Atlantic area. The term "European organisations" is here taken to mean those organisations working in, and centring on, Europe; thus the Economic Commission for Europe, which is strictly a regional commission of the United Nations, is included though other United Nations agencies are excluded.

The first chapter, European Co-operation since the Second World War, outlines the historical background to the work of these organisations and deals, chronologically, with their establishment. The main body of the report consists of separate chapters on each of the eight organisations studied. In each case the origins, institutions and work of the organisation are discussed, again in chronological order. As well as the achievements of the organisations, these chapters also record their failures and weaknesses. The work of the particular organisation is briefly summarised in the conclusions to each chapter. In the case of the two most recently established organisations, the European Economic Community . . .

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