Japan, from Surrender to Peace

Japan, from Surrender to Peace

Japan, from Surrender to Peace

Japan, from Surrender to Peace

Excerpt

On April 28, 1952, Japan regained her status as a sovereign and independent nation, great changes having taken place since she last was her own master. Japan now finds herself re-entering a world in which the majority of her former enemies extend her a welcome, whilst at the same time, some of the World War II Allies--Russia and China--are opposing the Free World, the world which granted Japan a peace of reconciliation.

During the last few years, 1946-1952, Japan has been introduced to various political, social and economic principles of democracy. Many of them have been readily embraced by her, but whether she will continue to develop along democratic lines and maintain her position among the peaceful and democratic nations, will depend largely upon the future cooperation between Japan and the nations of the free world. Such cooperation presupposes a mutual understanding, based upon a knowledge of the past and an appreciation of the present. My purpose in writing this book is to contribute to this understanding by giving a summary of the years of the Occupation and an estimate of its results.

What was the aim of the Occupation? What role did MacArthur and his advisers play? Did the Japanese cooperate? What was the attitude of the Japanese leaders, their Emperor and his Cabinet Ministers, in particular peace-treaty Prime Minister Yoshida? What considerations guided John Foster Dulles in sponsoring a peace of reconciliation? Were the Japanese sincere in accepting, at San Francisco, a partnership in the free world community? What, in fact, has been accomplished during the years of the Occupation and where will Japan go now?

The subsequent pages will attempt to supply an answer to these questions.

In formulating this answer I have drawn on my experience as Deputy Chief of the Netherlands Mission in Japan during . . .

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