The State and Revolution: Marxist Teaching on the State and the Task of the Proletariat in the Revolution

The State and Revolution: Marxist Teaching on the State and the Task of the Proletariat in the Revolution

The State and Revolution: Marxist Teaching on the State and the Task of the Proletariat in the Revolution

The State and Revolution: Marxist Teaching on the State and the Task of the Proletariat in the Revolution

Excerpt

The question of the State is acquiring at the present a particular importance, both theoretical and practical.

The Imperialist war bas greatly accelerated and in- tensified the transformation of monopolist capitalism into State-monopoly Capitalism. The monstrous op- pression of the labouring masses by the State -- which is identifying itself more and more intimately with the all- powerful capitalist combines -- is becoming ever more terrible. The foremost countries are being converted -- we speak here of their "rear" -- into military labour prisons for the workers.

The incredible miseries and horrors of the protracted war are making the position of the masses unbearable and increasing their indignation.

It is clear an international proletarian revolution is preparing.

The question therefore of its relations to the State is acquiring a practical importance.

The accumulation of opportunist elements during the decades of comparatively peaceful development has created a predominance of Socialist Chauvinism in the official Socialist parties of the whole world: Plekhanoff, Potressoff, Breshkovskaya, Rubanovitch, and, in a slightly concealed form, Tseretelli, Tchernoff & Co., in Russia; Scheidemann, Legien, David and others in Germany; Renaudel, Guesde, Vandervelde in France and Belgium; Hyndman and the Fabians in England; and so on, and so on. Socialist in words, Chauvinist in deeds, these "leaders of Socialism" distinguish them- selves by a base, servile adaptation to the interests not only of "their" national bourgeoisie, but also of "their" State -- for plenty of smaller, weaker nationalities have long since been exploited and enslaved by most of the so-called Great Powers. The Imperialist war is just a scramble for more division and repartition of the same kind of booty.

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