Culture in Crisis: A Study of the Hopi Indians

Culture in Crisis: A Study of the Hopi Indians

Culture in Crisis: A Study of the Hopi Indians

Culture in Crisis: A Study of the Hopi Indians

Excerpt

The world-wide trend toward responsible local autonomy and improved welfare is a momentous fact of our time. No matter how dark the picture is in any one region, if we view the world as a whole a liberating change appears to be taking place. The complete or partial emancipation of subject peoples in India, Indonesia, Burma, the Philippines, the Near East, Africa, and the Pacific Islands reflects a trend which is focused in the concept of international accountability for developing self-government and native welfare, and in the concept of the development of "underdeveloped" peoples embodied in the Point Four Program.

These concepts mark the emergence of a new international morality. The theory of social justice based on majority rule is being superceded by a more subtle approach based on the principle of cultural autonomy. Indeed, as Louis Wirth has noted, "The problems and the very existence of minorities rest upon the recognition of the rights of peoples, notably the right of self-determination."

But recognition merely in principle of the rights of local groups to self-determination, especially to cultural freedom, will not solve the self-government and welfare problem. On the contrary, it may aggravate the problem unless adequate norms and instruments for implementing the principle of enlightened cultural freedom are discovered and effectively applied. From this viewpoint, the effort toward One World resolves itself into a search for multiple instruments--psychosocial, economic, political, ecological, linguistic, esthetic, ideological-- to nurture and cultivate the emergence of a culturally pluralistic, peaceful, and prosperous world community.

Trusteeship administration--the task of aiding the development of "underdeveloped" peoples--is thus profoundly involved with the sub-

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