Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer

Excerpt

I have long been aware that modern architecture in Brazil is more than a mere aesthetic trend, and above all more than the projection into our culture of a universal movement. It has in fact put at our service the means with which to find the best possible solution of our city planning and housing problems, a solution which carefully takes into account climate and scenery. It is, furthermore, a strong affirmative expression of our culture, perhaps the most original and precise expression of the creative intelligence of modern Brazil.

--JUSCELINO KUBITSCHEK

1. BRAZIL AND THE MODERN
ARCHITECTURAL MOVEMENT

ALBERT CAMUS IN THE preface to one of his collections of essays said: "One finds in this world a great deal of injustice but there is one about which no one ever speaks--the injustice of the climate." Having never abandoned the spiritual climate of the Mediterranean shores where he was born and grew up under the dual play of the sun and the sea, Camus felt a deep compassion for those living in the gray, uniform and immovable settings of the industrial centers of the north, the "exile" into which man has been thrown knowing neither the reason, nor the duration, nor the hope for an eventual return to the "kingdom." Moreover, this injustice must affect not only the man who inhabits a hard climate but, also, the architecture which has been erected in his defense. A building can hardly be expected to become a source of emotional impact, a joyous event, when it expresses only an environmental . . .

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