History of the Moravian Church: The Story of the First International Protestant Church

History of the Moravian Church: The Story of the First International Protestant Church

History of the Moravian Church: The Story of the First International Protestant Church

History of the Moravian Church: The Story of the First International Protestant Church

Excerpt

Bohemia and Moravia, in which countries the story we are concerned to relate begins, were at one time two independent kingdoms situated in central Europe. Later, they became provinces in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Since the First World War they have formed part of the kingdom of Czecho-Slovakia. Bohemia, now the northern province of that kingdom, lies to the south-east of Germany; Moravia is the central province, lying between Bohemia and Slovakia. The relations of these two countries to each other, and to Silesia in the east, and Poland in the north-east, have been very involved. Many changes have taken place through the centuries, determined by conquest, by intermarriage of reigning princes, and by other factors. At one time (1275) both Bohemia and Moravia were fiefs of the German Empire; later (1345-78) a Bohemian King, Charles IV., was elected German Emperor. In 1364 this King entered into a treaty with the duke of Austria, which provided that if the dynasties of either country failed, the ruler of the other should acquire both; and as a similar treaty was made with Hungary, the origin of the Austro-Hungarian Empire is traced to this arrangement.

Happily, for the understanding of our story, it will not be necessary to study all these manifold changes and relationships in detail. The ecclesiastical happenings, with which we are mainly concerned, were, of course, intertwined with political events. Notice will be taken of these as we proceed with the narrative.

From Bohemia and Moravia the story passes to Germany, then on to Denmark, Holland, England, North and South America, and to many other distant parts of the world. The story of the History of the Moravian Church is, in fact, the story of the origin and development of the first international Protestant Church in the world.

E. L.

43 Glandon Drive Cheadle Hulme Stockport . . .

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