Ground Rules in Psychotherapy and Counselling

Ground Rules in Psychotherapy and Counselling

Ground Rules in Psychotherapy and Counselling

Ground Rules in Psychotherapy and Counselling

Synopsis

The author examines the issue of boundaries in psychoanalytic thought, with reference to Freud's papers on analytic technique. The author then elucidates his own approach, drawing upon his previous research into evolutionary and adaptive processes. Throughout the book, Langs shows how theoretical ideas can be grounded in clinical practice.

Excerpt

T hroughout the history of the universe, frames, contexts, rules, and boundaries have been vital aspects of the development and very existence of both physical structures and living organisms (deDuve, 1995; Langs, 1996).

On the material side, both large and infinitely small entities are bounded, defined contextually, and constrained by rules and regularities. The most basic set of rules take form as the laws of nature that give the universe its determinism and predictability, chaotic and otherwise. Even quantum-related events, which apply to the fundamental particles of nature and have an ultimate degree of uncertainty, are nevertheless lawful.

The consistencies and certainties defined by rules and laws are buttressed by the physical boundaries that define material conglomerates. Boundaries have also played a vital role in the evolution of the universe. It was, for example, the bounding of a chaotic mass of energy and matter that created the earth some 10 billion years ago. On all levels of physical organization, then, order is the essential grounding for disorder, development, evolu-

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