The Spanish Elizabethans: The English Exiles at the Court of Philip II

The Spanish Elizabethans: The English Exiles at the Court of Philip II

The Spanish Elizabethans: The English Exiles at the Court of Philip II

The Spanish Elizabethans: The English Exiles at the Court of Philip II

Excerpt

Nine years ago, I began the study of the political implications of Spain's concern about English Catholicism during the latter part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. This led me to probe one over-riding issue within that problem: the relationship of the activities of the English Catholic exiles to the political objectives of Kings Philip II and Philip III. In the documents of the Estado collection at Simancas, the archive of St. Alban's in Valladolid, the letters and reports in the Jesuit archives in Rome, and the "State Papers, Foreign" of the Public Record Office I found considerable new evidence. The basic research was presented in a doctoral dissertation at London University in 1957 entitled "Spain and the English Catholic Exiles, 1580-1604." Since then I have prepared an extensive revision of that original study. I have attempted here to explore the principal ways in which Spain tried to assist the exiles during the Anglo-Spanish war, and the complexity of the problems that its policy raised, but did not always solve.

Five leading personalities among the refugees in Spanish Hapsburg lands have been selected to illustrate the basic trends in this significant issue. They are Sir Francis Englefield, Hugh Owen, Lady Jane Dormer, Sir William Stanley and Father Joseph Creswell, S.J. The norms for their selection were basically four. First, the abundance of original Spanish material concerning them. Secondly, their lengthy association with the courts at Valladolid and Brussels, which was roughly a quarter of a century in each case. Thirdly, their direct involvement in problems which were typical of their compatriots in exile. Finally, their official positions, which . . .

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