The International Beginnings of the Congo Free State

The International Beginnings of the Congo Free State

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The International Beginnings of the Congo Free State

The International Beginnings of the Congo Free State

Read FREE!

Excerpt

If a map of Africa showing the political divisions of 1894 be compared with one representing conditions existing in 1876, the most wonderful changes will be noticed. Today the partition of Africa is almost complete, at least as far as the appropriation of the interior by European powers is concerned. "The scramble for Africa" represents, in the main, a period of less than one generation. Eighteen years ago but four European powers had even a foothold on the Dark Continent. France held Algeria, Senegal and the Gaboon; Portugal maintained a show of authority on both the east and west coasts. Angola and Mozambique were characteristic Portuguese colonies, memories of a past greatness rather than witnesses of present strength. England alone, with her Cape Colony, seemed to have a territory really worth owning. The map of Africa has changed more in these past eighteen years than has that of America since 1763.

English influence is paramount in Egypt. Morocco has been hedged about by Spain and France; it continues to exist in its integrity only on account of the mutual jealousies of the European powers. France has extended her possessions from Algeria to the south over the Great Desert. British influence reaches, with the exception of a narrow strip, the "Wasp's Waist," in an unbroken line from "Cairo to the Cape." Germany has appeared as a colonial power of mighty pretensions. Two centuries ago the great Elector attempted to found a Prussian colony in Africa. The Bran-

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