RKFDV: German Resettlement and Population Policy, 1939-1945 ; a History of the Reich Commission for the Strengthening of Germandom

RKFDV: German Resettlement and Population Policy, 1939-1945 ; a History of the Reich Commission for the Strengthening of Germandom

RKFDV: German Resettlement and Population Policy, 1939-1945 ; a History of the Reich Commission for the Strengthening of Germandom

RKFDV: German Resettlement and Population Policy, 1939-1945 ; a History of the Reich Commission for the Strengthening of Germandom

Excerpt

During the second World War, for a period of a little more than five years, from October 1939 until January 1945, the Nazi government of Germany engaged in an attempt to change the nature of the population in the territories around its frontiers. Particularly in Poland, but also in areas south and west of the Third Reich, the Germans shuffled nationalities about and expelled a large number of people "permanently" from their native lands. These activities have already been described and studied to a considerable extent. Joseph Schechtman in European Population Transfers 1939-1945, published in 1946, utilized European periodicals and pamphlets from the war years to describe the German efforts with a wealth of detail. Eugene Kulishcher in Europe on the Move, published in 1948, and to a lesser extent in Displacement of Population (ILO series), published in 1943, analyzed the German actions in terms of long range demographic trends. It was in connection with United States Military Tribunal Trial Number Eight, however, that the richest research contribution thus far has been made. In order to prosecute the Nazi perpetrators of the resettlement and expulsion actions as war criminals, a collection of their official documents was made. The trial itself produced a valuable source of testimony about the documents by the principals and by their victims. Representative selections from the documents, from testimony, from statements by the prosecution and by the defense, as well as from the judgment, have been published in volumes four and five of the United StatesPrinting Office series Trials of War Criminals at Nuremberg.

This monograph is an attempt to shed further light upon the German resettlement and population policies during the second World War by concentrating attention upon the German government agency responsible for the program, the Reichskommissariat für die Festigung deutschen Volkstums. Neither Schechtman nor . . .

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