Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology - Vol. 9

Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology - Vol. 9

Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology - Vol. 9

Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology - Vol. 9

Excerpt

For the Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology, leading investigators are invited to contribute integrative reviews of their own programs of research. The papers in this volume were prepared for the ninth annual symposium which was held at the University of Minnesota in October 1974. The topics of the six papers presented at this symposium vary greatly because important new knowledge is being acquired currently about diverse aspects of development. As a group, these papers present excellent examples of general research strategies which can be used by investigators in many areas in their quest for understanding the processes and mechanisms of human development.

One important strategy is to combine clinical and experimental procedures, as is illustrated in Alfred Steinschneider's research, or to combine observations from the field and from the laboratory as in Aletha Stein and Lynette Friedrich's research. This strategy allows careful description of the phenomenon being investigated and sensible interpretation of that phenomenon in its natural setting. Another strategy is apparent in the research of Leo Ganz and of Tom Trabasso; that strategy is to identify first the ordinary course of development of the capacity being investigated and then to analyze that capacity by a logical sequence of procedures so as to specify the mechanisms responsible for its development. Two other strategies are represented in the papers of James Youniss and of Lois Bloom and her colleagues. Youniss applies a theory already comprehensive to a new area of study, and Bloom and her colleagues use a model which is precisely specified and test it for its adequacy in accounting for a large number of instances of a specific type of behavior.

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