A Short History of North Africa: From Pre-Roman Times to the Present: Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco

A Short History of North Africa: From Pre-Roman Times to the Present: Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco

A Short History of North Africa: From Pre-Roman Times to the Present: Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco

A Short History of North Africa: From Pre-Roman Times to the Present: Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco

Excerpt

North Africa has been called Africa Minor, which is a good name, for it implies that separation from the rest of the Continent which is its essential characteristic. The long strip of territory bounded on the north by the Mediterranean is cut off from the south and east by a barrier even more impenetrable than the sea, the Sahara. It is inhabited by a race of people -- the Berbers -- wholly different from the populations to the south of the desert. Unfortunately in modern parlance the term "Arab" has come to be almost universally applied to them, a mistake which leads to misunderstanding for they are not of the same race as the Arabs of Arabia, anthropologically speaking.

The name Libya was given to the Easternmost part of the North African coast by the Greeks. The name Africa came into general use through the Romans, and applied to territory which corresponds roughly to present-day Tunisia. The Arabs coming in from the East called the North African coast the Maghreb (the West) and Morocco the Magh-

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