Soviet Psychology; a Symposium

Soviet Psychology; a Symposium

Soviet Psychology; a Symposium

Soviet Psychology; a Symposium

Excerpt

The history of Soviet psychology has three distinct stages. The first begins with the October Revolution and ends in 1936. Its main characteristic was the struggle of the dictatorship of the proletariat against the tough and bitter resistance of the ideological bastions of the bourgeoisie. The latter maintained many positions, even after the victory of the proletariat was assured. Its main weapon in psychology and pedagogy was the so-called "paedology," about which something needs to be said.

It is obvious that a science like psychology, whose subject-matter is human consciousness, will influence, above all, those human activities which are concerned with the formation and creation of that consciousness, i.e., in education and its science, called pedagogy. Psychology is a science related to pedagogy and deals with a number of questions directly and indirectly concerned with education and instruction. Therefore, the psychology of childhood and youth was developed at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century as a separate discipline. It was born in the age of class war and imperialism, and bore from the very beginning the seed of fruitlessness, which must not be overlooked, even if one re-

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