World Federation

World Federation

World Federation

World Federation

Excerpt

In the long evolution of the human race there is traceable a constant enlargement of the areas in which peace has been firmly established. At the dawn of history mankind seems to have been divided into innumerable families, which later grew into clans, and which were almost constantly engaged in feuds and warfare with one another. This clan system has lasted in certain remote and inaccessible parts of the world almost to our own day. Perhaps the best illustration of the system which rests on fairly authentic history is the Scottish clans. The ferocity of their warfare may be judged by such statements as the following, contained in Feuds of the Clans, published in the eighteenth century. In a war in the year 1299 "Clan Iver, Clan-tall-Wigh and Clan Leawe were almost all entirely extinguished." In 1396 Clans Chattan and Kay had a battle in which "the combatants of Clan Kay were all cut off except one." Between the years 1400 and 1612 this old chronicle records twenty-six instances of warfare of a similar nature. Peace was maintained only within the small limits of the clan, with constant feud and warfare outside this narrow area.

Later the families or clans were united into tribes, which embraced all kindred families and established somewhat . . .

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