Theory of Thought and Knowledge

Theory of Thought and Knowledge

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Theory of Thought and Knowledge

Theory of Thought and Knowledge

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Excerpt

Philosophy aims at a rational and systematic comprehension of reality. Or, since experience is the fundamental fact in all theorizing, and since reality can be known only in experience, in the largest sense of that word, we may say that philosophy aims at a rational and systematic comprehension and interpretation of experience.

This aim, however, is only an ideal which is very imperfectly realized. Philosophy is militant, not triumphant. As it has required the labor of many generations to bring the system of thought to its present development, so it will require the labor of many more to bring that system to anything like completion. Meanwhile only general outlines and partial views are possible. These, however, may be valuable, if they begin with admitted facts and make good their claims as they go along.

Philosophic theories fall into two great classes, theories of knowing and theories of being. This results from the nature of the case. The theory of being is the ultimate aim of philosophy, but that theory cannot be completed without a theory of knowing. A philosophic system is determined and characterized by its position on these two points.

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