The Theology of St. Luke

The Theology of St. Luke

The Theology of St. Luke

The Theology of St. Luke

Excerpt

1. This study of St. Luke's theology is, by its approach to the problems, for the most part not dependent on any particular literary theories about St. Luke's Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles, for it is concerned with the whole of Luke's writings as they stand. If these form a self-contained scheme, then for our purpose literary critical analysis is only of secondary importance. Nevertheless, in this secondary sense it is important, and is therefore not to be despised. We must make it plain, however, that our aim is to elucidate Luke's work in its present form, not to enquire into possible sources or into the historical facts which provide the material. A variety of sources does not necessarily imply a similar variety in the thought and composition of the author. How did it come about, that he brought together these particular materials? Was he able to imprint on them his own views? It is here that the analysis of the sources renders the necessary service of helping to distinguish what comes from the source from what belongs to the author.

2. In Germany during recent decades the study of the Synoptics has been dominated by Form Criticism. There are good reasons for this, but even if we take this method not as in the narrow sense aesthetic but in a wider sense as having a sociological trend, it still has its limitations. It does not make literary critical analysis superfluous; on the contrary this is presupposed and must be continued along with Form Criticism.

Form Criticism arose in part from the destruction of the 'framework of the life of Jesus'. This was an event of decisive . . .

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