Food, Land, and Manpower in Western Europe

Food, Land, and Manpower in Western Europe

Food, Land, and Manpower in Western Europe

Food, Land, and Manpower in Western Europe

Excerpt

Early in 1956 The Twentieth Century Fund, a privately endowed American philanthropic foundation concerned with broad questions of public welfare, initiated a comprehensive survey of the economic needs and resources of Western Europe. This European study, which is now approaching completion, has been patterned in a general way on a survey of America's Needs and Resources, first completed in 1947 and again published by the Fund in a revised and considerably expanded form in 1955.

The present European Survey, like the American study, attempts to measure and project into the future the trends in growth of population, in the labour force and labour productivity, and in the demand for various kinds of consumption goods and services, capital equipment and government services. These trends and projections have been measured both for Western Europe as a whole and for each of the 18 non-Communist European countries outside the Iron Curtain.

These measures of present and future needs and demands are then assessed against the natural, technological and human resources and the agricultural and industrial facilities available to meet them. Beyond this, the European study examines some of the factors -- such as restricted labour practices, cartel restraints on competition, government tax and regulatory policies, the small size of agricultural, industrial and commercial units, and the restricted class and national markets -- that limit the efficiency with which material and human resources are being used to meet the needs of consumers.

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