The Infancy of Nazism: The Memoirs of Ex-Gauleiter Albert Krebs, 1923-1933

The Infancy of Nazism: The Memoirs of Ex-Gauleiter Albert Krebs, 1923-1933

The Infancy of Nazism: The Memoirs of Ex-Gauleiter Albert Krebs, 1923-1933

The Infancy of Nazism: The Memoirs of Ex-Gauleiter Albert Krebs, 1923-1933

Excerpt

In the rise of Nazism the critically significant years were those from 1925 to 1930, the period when Hitler acquired the organizational cadres and the techniques that were to stay with him throughout the Third Reich. The initial years of Nazism, 1919 to 1923, proved to be a false start, though they provided the party with its basic ideology, its distinctive format as a revolutionary political movement, and its commitment to Hitler. But then came the great fumbled opportunity of 1923: Nazism failed to exploit a "revolutionary objective situation" par excellence. Inadequate organization led to the abortive "Beer Hall" Putsch which culminated in Hitler's imprisonment and the prohibition of his party.

But this was only the end of the beginning. In 1925 Hitler, fresh from prison, refounded the Nazi party and made it for the first time a nationwide movement. He also found new leaders and techniques of organization vastly more effective than before. It took five years of slow development, years in which his party had an average membership of only fifty thousand and only 2 percent of the vote, before Nazism again became a serious threat to Germany's democracy. But by the onset of the depression of 1929 the . . .

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