Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary

Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary

Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary

Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary

Synopsis

Notable Women in the Physical Sciences features substantive biographical essays on 96 world and American women scientists who have made significant contributions to the physical sciences from antiquity to the present. The essays go beyond basic facts found in standard biographical dictionaries, bringing to life the women's developmental influences, the obstacles they faced and overcame, and their efforts to contribute in their chosen professions in spite of sometimes overwhelming disapproval by the establishment. The emphasis is on 20th-century women, and many of the living scientists profiled contributed interviews and autobiographical statements, that add a vital and unique element to their profiles. Entries have been written by 70 practicing scientists and researchers who explain the scientific work clearly, in terms familiar to general readers and high school students.

Excerpt

Notable Women in the Physical Sciences, a companion volume to Notable Women in the Life Sciences, provides biographical essays of 96 women (not all Americans) who have made significant contributions to the physical sciences from antiquity to the present. Forty-seven photographs accompany the essays. From long-recognized historical figures and women whose names were "starred" in the first editions of American Men of Science, to contemporary MacArthur Foundation "Genius" Award winners, National Medal of Science winners, Nobel Prize winners, and winners of other extraordinary awards such as the Federal Woman's Award, Annie J. Cannon prizes, and Garvan Medals, these prominent women have unique stories that can inspire talented young women to follow in their footsteps.

Taken as a whole, the biographical essays in this volume provide a broad historical sweep of the work of women in the physical sciences. the emphasis, however, is on twentieth-century women--most notably on those whose work continues. Disciplines covered in this volume include astronomy, astrophysics, biochemistry, chemistry, crystallography, physics, and related areas. Whenever extant sources allow, the essays go beyond the basic facts found in standard biographical dictionaries. This is most certainly true for those subjects who contributed their own words, through interviews or autobiographical contributions. the cooperation of these living scientists adds a vital and unique element to their biographical profiles.

Selection of subjects for inclusion in this volume began with a review . . .

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