The Origins of Modern Spain

The Origins of Modern Spain

The Origins of Modern Spain

The Origins of Modern Spain

Excerpt

THE INTERREGNUM, from the departure of Isabella II, in September, 1868, to the restoration of the Bourbons with Alfonso XII, in January, 1875, is sometimes described as "the black years". That at any rate is the label applied to it in the text-book of an ancient English university. These years were not "black" in the usual sense of the word; Spain was far more "black" after the restoration in 1875. Martin Hume preferred the epithet "red"; he could never mention the republic without calling it the "red" republic. Black or red, it was not proclaimed at once. From 1868 until 1870 there was a provisional government; from 1870 until 1873 the throne was occupied by Amadeo of Savoy. The republic was not proclaimed until his abdication (as February, 1873) and it was ended on the 3rd January, 1874 (as governments in Spain have often ended in the nineteenth century), by a general and a handful of soldiers.

That particular general is something of a mystery, for he was (so his defenders say) a republican, or at least anti-Bourbon, and he got nothing out of his pronunciamiento for himself. His name was Pavìa--José Manuel Pavìa y Rodrìguez de Albuquerque--and he should not be confused with another distinguished general of the name of Pavìa--Manuel Pavìa y Lacy, Marqués de Novaliches--who lost the battle of Alcolea in the autumn of 1868 and had his beard shot away in the service of Isabella II. The Annual Register states that this officer died of wounds two days after the battle; but a later authority encourages the belief that he lived to a green old age and died in 1896. As his mother's name was Lacy, he may have been half English, or half Irish.

His namesake, who afterwards ended the republic by dissolving the Cortes by force and occupying the House of . . .

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